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5th International Conference on Plant Science & Physiology, will be organized around the theme “Exploring Emerging Innovations in Plant Science & Physiology”

Plant Physiology 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Plant Physiology 2020

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\r\n Pharmacognosy is the branch of modern medicine about medicines from plant sources. Plants included here are those that have been or are being used medicinally, in at least one such medicinal tradition. Modern medicine now tends to use the active ingredients of plants rather than the whole plants.

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Plant nutrients are the chemical elements that are essential to the nourishment of plant health. Plant nutrients fall into three categories, all of which are based on the amount a plant needs, not the importance of the individual elements. Each plant nutrient performs a crucial role in plant growth and development. The three categories of plant nutrients are primary nutrients, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients. Soil science deals with soil as a natural resource on the surface of the earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils per se; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils. Sometimes terms which refer to branches of soil science, such as pedology (formation, chemistry, morphology and classification of soil) and edaphology (influence of soil on plants), are used as if synonymous with soil science.

The agronomic application of nanotechnology in plants (phytonanotechnology) has the potential to alter conventional plant production systems, allowing for the controlled release of agrochemicals (e.g., fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides) and target-specific delivery of biomolecules (e.g., nucleotides, proteins, and activators). An improved understanding of the interactions between nanoparticles (NPs) and plant responses, including their uptake, localization, and activity, could revolutionize crop production through increased disease resistance, nutrient utilization, and crop yield. Herewith, we review potential applications of phytonanotechnology and the key processes involved in the delivery of NPs to plants. To ensure both the safe use and social acceptance of phytonanotechnology, the adverse effects, including the risks associated with the transfer of NPs through the food chain, are discussed.

 

The Study of plant morphology, development, and multiplication in living plants and furthermore worried about the plant morphology and some fundamental procedure, for example, photosynthesis, respiration, plant nourishment, plant hormone functions, tropisms, nastic developments, photograph morphogenesis, natural physiology (plant sicknesses), seed germination, torpidity and stomata capacity and transpiration, plant water relations. Plant biochemistry is related to molecular science such as macromolecules and plant metabolisms, Biomolecules, carbohydrates, amonic acid, lipids.

 

Plant biotechnology is a set of techniques used to adapt plants for specific needs or opportunities. Situations that combine multiple needs and opportunities are common. For example, a single crop may be required to provide sustainable food and healthful nutrition, protection of the environment, and opportunities for jobs and income. Finding or developing suitable plants is typically a highly complex challenge. Areas of work include, but not limited to:
Genetic structures and mechanisms
Methods for transgenic biotechnology (also known as genetic engineering)
Identification of traits and genes that can contribute to national and global goals for agriculture
Plant genome sequences; molecular markers, and bioinformatics
Gene Editing/Genome Editing
Synthetic Biology

Plant tissue culture involves excising plant tissues and growing them on nutrient media. It is used rather broadly to include several variations, such as meristem culture for propagation of virus-free plants, protoplast culture, cell suspension culture, tissue and organ culture, and anther or pollen culture for producing haploid plants. It is a valuable tool for research on morphogenesis, cell signaling, physiology, and molecular biology, as well as crop improvement by biotechnology.

Plant Genetics and Genomics focus on genes and genomes, their function, organization and evolution; from molecular genetic characterization to population genetics and phylogenomics. Appropriate areas include: the organization and evolution of genes and genomes, including comparative genomics; the nature of mutations and the mutation process, including mobile genetic elements; molecular evolution, phylogenomics, and evolutionary genetics; mechanisms of genetic phenomena such as epistasis, dominance relationships, and heterosis; genotype-phenotype relationships and association genetics; mechanisms of gene regulation from transcriptional through post-translational; epigenetics and epigenomics; chromatin organization, establishment, maintenance, and modification; chromosome organization, localization, behavior, and dynamics; mechanisms of DNA replication, repair, and recombination; mechanisms of RNA processing, transport, localization, translation, and turnover; and the nature and function of non-protein-coding RNAs. Sophisticated, original informatics and computational analyses of genes and genomes are welcome, as well as the development and evaluation of novel genetic methods, tools, and resources, as they relate to the scope. 
This section includes:
Mechanisms of plant gene regulation
Phylogenomics and evolutionary plant genetics
Gene silencing and miRNAs
Epigenetics and epigenomics
Chromatin organization
Plastid genomic studies

 

Plant Science ranges from creating atomic systems for the hereditary building to biological research in the field of plant science. At last the common items needs to add to principal learning of fundamental natural procedures identified with improvement and wellbeing and the manageable creation of more solid sustenance’s, blossoms and high-esteem bio-based items.

Plant molecular biology is the study of the molecular basis of plant life. It is particularly concerned with the processes by which the information encoded in the genome is manifested as structures, processes and behaviours. It provides a variety of tools for plant researchers. Plant Molecular Biology includes plant nucleic acid purification, nucleic acid amplification, genome mapping and genotyping, gene expression analysis and cloning.
Plant Pathology is outlined as the study of the organisms and environmental conditions that cause unwellness in plants, the mechanisms by that this happens, the interactions between these causative agents and also the plant (effects on plant growth, yield and quality) and also the strategies of managing or dominant disease. Plant pathology is employed to combat invasive plants and stop associate unbalance within the natural system that always happens once a non-native weed invades. It additionally interfaces information from alternative scientific fields like phytology, biological science, virology, organic chemistry and bio-informatics.

Efficient and sustainable plant protection is of great economic and ecological significance for global crop production. A number of challenges, e.g. climate change, population growth and global trade, put increasing demands on future crop production and crop protection. This necessitates an increase in crop productivity with less environmental impact while maintaining good food quality and food security. 

Plant Pathology is the scientific discovery of diseases in plants caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. Organisms that cause viral disease include fungi, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus-like organisms, phytoplasma, protozoa, nematodes and dependable plants. A plant considered undesirable, unattractive, or troublesome, especially one that grows where it is no need and often grows or spreads fast or takes the place of desired plants. It is an aquatic plant or alga, especially seaweed. This includes the follows:
Plant Immune System and Plant Virology
Molecular and genetic basis of plant-insect interaction
Plant Microbial Interactions
Plant Bacteriology
Clinical Plant Pathology & Nematology
Plant Fungal Pathology
Plant Immune System and Plant Virology
Molecular and genetic basis of plant-insect interaction
Plant Microbial Interactions
Plant Bacteriology
Clinical Plant Pathology & Nematology
Plant Fungal Pathology
 

An introduction to the diversity and evolution of vascular plants. The area focuses mainly on flowering plants because of their dominant role on the earth, but lycophytes, ferns, and gymnosperms are studied as well. A phylogeny of vascular plants provides the framework for their evolution and diversification. Related subjects, including plant habitats, biogeography, phylogenetics, herbaria, nomenclature, and pollination biology are also presented in lecture and laboratory.

Horticulture is a science of studying garden plants. The world Horticulture is derived from two Latin words viz. Hortus means garden and Culture means knowledge of growing these crops. Horticulture is an aesthetic science that deals with the important crops which are grown in the gardens e.g. vegetable crops in vegetable garden, fruit crops in fruit orchards.

Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management activities seek to increase agricultural productivity through adoption of practices that maintain the long term ecological and biological integrity of natural resources. Activities in this sub-sector cut across the rural, social, and environmental issues of natural resource management to sustain significant increases in farm productivity through the efficient use of land and other resources. The goal is to provide better economic returns to individuals and contribute to the quality of life and economic development.

Agricultural research is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. Agronomy is how to grow crops effectively and profitably while conserving natural resources and protecting the environment. It covers different aspects of Agricultural Microbiology, Agricultural Engineering, Farm Management, Agricultural Economics, Organic Farming, Plant Protection, Agricultural Economic Entomology, Traditional Agriculture, Agricultural Waste, Precision Agriculture, Food Security, Plant Pest Management, Organic Agriculture, Agronomy, Crop Science, Crop Technology, Horticultural Crops, Modeling of Crop and Animal Systems, Agricultural Virology and Bacteriology, Farming and Cropping Systems, Bioenergy and Energy Crops, Agroecology, Agroecosystems and the Environment, Agriculture Arid Land Reclamation, Post-Harvest Technology, Modern Irrigation Systems, Renewable Energy and Biosystems, Agricultural Mechanization, Environmental Impacts of Agriculture, Irrigation and water management, Plant Quality and Post-Harvest Physiology.

 

Agricultural machinery is machinery used in farming or other agriculture. There are many types of such equipment, from hand tools and power tools to tractors and the countless kinds of farm implements that they tow or operate. Diverse arrays of equipment are used in both organic and nonorganic farming. Especially since the advent of mechanised agriculture, agricultural machinery is an indispensable part of how the world is fed.

Hybrid varieties result from a targeted cross of two different pure breeding lines with the progeny surpassing the parental lines in terms of yield. As the next generation would genetically segregate, seed will have to be bought in every year. The production of hybrid varieties in rye and other self-sterile plants requires three steps: (1) Development of inbred lines in the different original populations; (2) test cross matings between the inbred lines; (3) production of the hybrid variety for the market by way of targeted pollination. 

 

Plant nutrients are the chemical elements that are essential to the nourishment of plant health. Plant nutrients fall into three categories, all of which are based on the amount a plant needs, not the importance of the individual elements. Each plant nutrient performs a crucial role in plant growth and development. The three categories of plant nutrients are primary nutrients, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients. Soil science deals with soil as a natural resource on the surface of the earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils per se; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils. Sometimes terms which refer to branches of soil science, such as pedology (formation, chemistry, morphology and classification of soil) and edaphology (influence of soil on plants), are used as if synonymous with soil science.

 

Plant genetic engineering allows the direct transfer of one or just a few genes of interest, between either closely or distantly related organisms to obtain the desired agronomic trait. Till date, commercial GM crops have delivered benefits in crop production, but there are also a number of products in the pipeline which will make more direct contributions to food quality, environmental benefits, pharmaceutical production, and non-food crops. 

Plant Genetics and Genomics focus on genes and genomes, their function, organization and evolution; from molecular genetic characterization to population genetics and phylogenomics. Appropriate areas include: the organization and evolution of genes and genomes, including comparative genomics; the nature of mutations and the mutation process, including mobile genetic elements; molecular evolution, phylogenomics, and evolutionary genetics; mechanisms of genetic phenomena such as epistasis, dominance relationships, and heterosis; genotype-phenotype relationships and association genetics; mechanisms of gene regulation from transcriptional through post-translational; epigenetics and epigenomics; chromatin organization, establishment, maintenance, and modification; chromosome organization, localization, behavior, and dynamics; mechanisms of DNA replication, repair, and recombination; mechanisms of RNA processing, transport, localization, translation, and turnover; and the nature and function of non-protein-coding RNAs. Sophisticated, original informatics and computational analyses of genes and genomes are welcome, as well as the development and evaluation of novel genetic methods, tools, and resources, as they relate to the scope. 

This section includes

  • Mechanisms of plant gene regulation
  • Phylogenomics and evolutionary plant genetics
  • Gene silencing and miRNAs
  • Epigenetics and epigenomics
  • Chromatin organization
  • Plastid genomic studies

 

A common approach to understanding the functional repertoire of a genome is through functional genomics. With systems biology burgeoning, bioinformatics has grown to a larger extent for plant genomes where several applications in the form of protein-protein interactions (PPI) are used to predict the function of proteins. With plant genes evolutionarily conserved, the science of bioinformatics in agriculture has caught interest with myriad of applications taken from bench side to in silico studies. A multitude of technologies in the form of gene analysis, biochemical pathways and molecular techniques have been exploited to an extent that they consume less time and have been cost-effective to use.